Phonics at Griffin Park


Phonics is taught in a structured programme of daily lessons across FS/KS1. The Letters and Sound programme is followed, providing a synthetic approach to the teaching of phonics. This is supplemented by various resources which are multi-sensory.

Each session gives an opportunity for children to revisit their previous experience, be taught new skills, practise together and apply what they have learned.


Phases of the Phonics Programme

Children in Nursery begin with Phase 1 which provides a range of listening activities through play, to develop their listening skills. Progress is tracked at the end of each half term.


As children move into Reception they continue to build upon the work begun in Phase 1 and are introduced to Phase 2 which marks the start of systematic phonic work. Grapheme-phoneme correspondence is introduced. The process of segmenting whole words and selecting letters to represent those phonemes is taught writing the letters to encode words. Parents shall be invited to a meeting which will inform them of the way in which phonics is taught and how to help with this at home.


Phase 3 completes the teaching of the alphabet and then moves on to cover sounds represented by more than one letter, learning one representation for each of the 44 phonemes. At this stage just one spelling is given for each phoneme.


When children become secure they continue into Phase 4 where they start to read and spell words containing adjacent consonants. No new phonemes are introduced at this phase. It is expected that children will enter Phase 5 in Year 1, broadening their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use in reading and spelling. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these and graphemes they already know, where relevant.


It is expected that children within Year 2 will cover Phase 6 which develops a variety of spelling strategies including word specific spellings eg see/ sea, spelling of words with prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters where necessary. Also the accurate spelling of words containing unusual GPC's eg laughs, two.

The spelling of high frequency and tricky words are taught continuously throughout the phases.

Children in Key Stage 2 will continue to develop phonics skills where needed through targeted programmes of work.

Phonics Assessment

Class teachers will assess children every half term and this shall be tracked by the English Co-ordinator.

The national Phonics screening check is performed in June of Year 1. Prior to this, there will be a Year 1 phonics workshop which will give parents information about how they can support their children at home with phonics. The purpose of the screening check is to confirm that all children have learned phonic decoding to an age-appropriate standard. The children who did not meet the required standard for the check in year 1 enter again in year 2 with additional support. As children enter KS2 provision is made for those children still requiring daily phonics.