Phonics information for parents

Dear Parents,


Your child will soon be taking their first book home. While we will be teaching your child to read in school, you can have a huge impact on their reading journey by continuing to practice this at home. There are two types of books that your child may bring home.


A reading practice book

This book will be carefully matched to your child's current reading level. If your child is reading this with little help, please don't worry that this is to easy - your child needs to develop confidence and fluency in reading. 


A sharing book 

In order to encourage your child to be a lifelong reader, it is important that they learn to read for pleasure. The sharing book is a book they have chosen for you to enjoy together. Your child is not expected to read this on their own. Discuss the pictures, enjoy the story, predict what might happen next, use different voices for the characters, explore the facts in non-fiction books. The main thing is that you have fun. 


Below I have included some information about early reading and how you can help your child at home. 



Below is the order in which we teach letter sounds and high frequency words. 

Pure sounds 

It is really important that children learn the pure sound each letter or group of letters make. Watch the video below to see how we teach pure sounds. 


Segmenting and blending for reading 

Learn how letter sounds can be blended to read words. 

Class activities

High Frequency Words (HFW)


High frequency words are common words, words that appear very often in written texts. They are a mixture of decodable words words that can be sounded out) and tricky words ( words that need to be learnt by sight). 

It is really important that children learn these words as they make up a large proportion of the words they will be reading in their books. 


Below is a list of the first 100 HFW.

Phase 2

High frequency words                    Decodable words                           Tricky words 

                                              a, an, as, at, and, back, big, but, can         I, no, go to, the, 

                                              dad, had, get got him, his, if , in, is, it,     into

                                              mum, not, on, of, off, up